For most people, they grew up with the understanding that sex and gender were relating to masculinity and femininity as a whole. Any other thing was definitely a no-no that they couldn't bring themselves to live with. However, from the look of things, especially with exposure of civilization, we definitely can see sex and gender aren't just bottled up to male and female or a man or woman thingy. There definitely are more complexities surrounding it and only a deep understanding of such matters could guarantee liberation in such diversity.
Transgender is an umbrella term used for people who are trans men and trans women which mean their gender identity is different from their assigned sex. It may also include people who are genderqueer or non-binary, including bigender, pangender and others too. Today a lot of communities and groups have advanced in supporting the rights of transgender but before they had to suffer a lot. They were often alienated by their friends and families with no organization or counselor to understand the changed they go through. It took time for people to accept their existence. Social awareness for the rights and problems faced by transgender has made a whole lot change in a positive way. We see various support groups, local communities and organizations participating to provide a platform and all the facilities to individual facing problem with gender identity. Here are some of them.
In ancient Greece, people worshiped the God Hermaphroditus, said to be the child of the God and Goddess of sexuality, one of the winged Gods Erotes. Born with both male and female genitalia, Hermaphroditus was God of hermaphrodites and effeminates. It was from this God that we got the term Hermaphrodite. Originally, the term meant “person partaking of the attributes of both sexes,” but in the century since it developed instead into a slur, a cruel insult used to degrade those who don’t act or look stereotypically masculine or feminine. It’s also a misleading term; true hermaphroditism doesn’t exist in humans. There has never been, and scientifically cannot be, a human with functioning male and female genitalia together.